Hazrat Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.)

Serajul Arefin Zubdatussa lehin, Ghousal Alam Sultan Hazrat Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) is such an eminent and outstanding spiritual personality of the world of mysticism, whose shining sun of spirituality and knowledge (marfat) has illuminated every corner of the world. Let us have a look at his life and works.

 

Please select a topic of your interest:

  • Introduction
  • Education
  • Accession to the Throne
  • Relinquishment of Throne
  • Journey towards India
  • Meeting with Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari (R.A.)
  • Hazrat Syed Ashraf Simnani (R.A.) at Pandawa Sharif
  • Departure from Pandawa Sharif
  • Religious and Literary Services
  • Books by Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A)
  • Journeying
  • Mehboob-e-Yazdani
  • Ghousul Alam and Jahangir
  • Instructions of Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.)
  • Contemporary mystics and savants
  • Khulfa (Caliphs)
  • Impression of Savant’s Holy man
  • His Mission in India
  • Miracles (Karamat)
  • Wafaat

 

Introduction

Name: Meer Auhaduddin Syed Ashraf.

Titles: Jahangir, Ghousul Alam, Mahboobe Yazdani.

Pedigree: Syed Ashraf S/o Sultan Syed Ibrahim Noor Bakhshi S/o Sultan Syed Imaduddin Noor Bakhshi S/o Sultan Syed Nizamuddin Alisher S/o Sultan Zahiruddin Mohammad S/o Sultan Tajuddin Bahlol, S/o Syed Mohammad Noor Bakshi, S/o Syed Mehdi, S/o Syed kamaluddin, S/o SSyed Jamaluddin, S/o Syed Hasan Sharif , S/o Syed Abu Mohammad, S/o Syed Abul Moosa Ali, S/o Syed Ismail Sani, S/o Syed Abul Hasan Mohammad, S/o Syed Ismail Arij, S/o Hazrat Jafar Sadique, S/o Imam Mohammad Baquar, S/o Imam Zainul Abedin, S/o Imam Hossain, S/o Hazrat Ali.

Father: Syed Ibrahim Noor Bakshi was the father of Sultan Syed Asharaf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) He was the king of Simnan, where he ruled with utmost Justice and sincerity for 20 years. He was not only a king , but a proficient scholor of theology, and inwardly inclined to mysticism.(Tasuvvf) He respected Islamic savants and patronized Islamic institutions. That is why in his regime, twelve thousand students were gaining education in different institutions. He often met mystics (Sufia) of his time and gained mystical knowledge. He got constructed a Khanquah (an abode for holy men) of Hazrat Shaikh Hasan Sakkak and shrine of Imame Azam (R.A) He was deeply fond of studying books particularly Tarikhe Tibri was in his regular study. Hazrat Nazame Yamani in Lataefe ashrafi, has mentioned that Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani used to say that twelve thousand Islamic institutions were functioning in his father’s regime.

Mother :  Bibi Khadija Begam was the mother of Syed Makhdoom Ashraf simnani (R.A) She belonged to the dynasty of Khwaja Ahmed Yeswi who was a distinguished Sufi (Mystic) of his time and founder of Yewaisia order. She was brought up in a neat and pure religious surroundings as result of which she was deeply religious minded, pious and godly. She passed most of his time in prayer and recitation of the holy Quran. She often observed fasting in day and woke up at night to be engrossed in prayer. She was very punctual to Tahajjud (Prayer said after midnight ) In short, Khadija Begam was the trustworthy of spiritual trusts of her ancestors.

Date and Place of Birth: He was born in Simnan (Iran) in 708 (A.H)

Prophecy of Birth: His father, Sultan Ibrahim married with Bibi Khadija Begam at the age of twenty five years. He had only two or three daughters and no son, After the birth of daughters, there was no issue up to eight years. He was grieved at heart. One morning, he and his wife Bibi Khadija Begum were sitting together on Mosallah (Carper for saying prayer) All of a sudden Hazrat Ibrahim Mazzoob entered in to the palace. Both were astonished to see him. Hazrat sultan Ibrahim stood up and went forward to greet him. He made him sit on the throne and both husband and wife were standing bending their heads before him . Seeing such a noble courtesy meted out to him, he said “ Probably you are desirous of son ”. Hearing it both were extremely glad and said, “ It will be our good luck if you bestow a son ”Ibrahim Mazzoob again said, “its price is very much as I will give you an extraordinary thing” . Sultan Ibrahim readily said, “whatever you order, I am ready to fulfill it .”

Ibrahim Mazzoob said, “I want one thousand Dinar.” Sultan Ibrahim presented one thoudand dinar before him. Ibrahim, Mazzoob stood up happily and said, “O Ibrahim (To Himself) you gave hawk (baz) to Sultan Ibrahim and he bought it cheaf. ” Hazrat Sultan Ibrahim went forward with him as a respect. Turning back, Ibrahim Mazzoob saw him and said, “ What do you want more; you have got your son.” It is also narrated that one night Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) came in his dream and predicted that a waliullah (Friend of Allah) was to be born in his house; His name will be Syed Ashraf.

 

Education

When Hazrat Sultan Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) was four years four months and four days old, his father got performed the tradition of Bismillah Khani (Beginning reading with the name of Allah) by a highly learned and Sufi of his time named Hazrat Imeduddin Tabrezi (R.A.) It is said that Hazrat Syed Ashraf was very intelligent beyond description. He completed Hifz (learn by heart) of the holy Quran with seven types of Querat (recitation) in seven years. After completing it, he got himself engaged in the education of different branches of theology like Tafseer (Commentary) Hadith (Narration of Sayings of the holy prophet) Fiquah (Islamic jurisprudence) and other allied subjects. He obtained full proficiency in all these branches of Islamic education at the age of fourteen years. His name and fame as a proficient Islamic Scholar reached in the Madrasas of Iraque. From the very students life, his extraordinary ability and proficiency had impressed the savants of Baghdad and they had acknowledged it with admiration , Nizame Yamani in Lataefe Ashrafi described it in a couplet:

“Chuna Mashhoor Ghasht Az Darse Talim

ke Pas Ahle Funun Kardand Taslim”

Viz : He had become so famous from his very student life that the men of letters admitted (His intelligence).

 

Accession to the throne

After the sad demise of the father, sultan Ibrahim, (R.A.) became the king of Simnan at the age of 15 years. He ruled over Simnan with utmost justice and impartiality for twelve years. He gained popularity as a true , sincere and just king in every corner of simnan. Peace and tranquility prevailed everywhere. The subjects were prosperous and happy. No citizen dared to tyrannise anyone. Hazarat Nizame Yamani has narrated an incident listening from Hazrat Alauddowla simnani. (R.A) that Syed Ashraf Jahangir went out for hunting along with his soldiers. He continued hunting in the rural areas for two or three days. He was looking at an animal caught by hawk (Baz). Just at that time an old woman from the village approached him seeking justice. She narrated that one of his soldier had forcibly taken her curd. Syed Ashraf Jahangir simnani (R.A) asked her to recognize amongst those soldiers who had taken her curd. She said that the culprit was not amongst them .Just at that moment, a soldier appeared coming with a hunting in his land, looking at him the old woman recognized and told that was the very person who had forcibly taken her curd. The soldier denied the allegation but Hazrat Makhdoon Simnani asked him to eat some flies. No sooner did the flies go into his stomach than he vomited and the curd came out. Hazrat Makhdoon Simnani gave away his horse with saddle to the old woman and beat him black and blue. Hazrat Nizame Yamani has given description of his justice in the following couplets which is translated into English Below.

 

Chun Aurange Simna Bado Taza Ghast

Jahan Az Adalat pur Awaza Ghasht

Ba Dowrane Adlash Hama Rozgar

Gulsitan shud Adl Awurd Bar

Agar feel Bar Farque More Ghuzar

Kunad mor bar feel Arad Nazar

Ke En Dowre Sultan Ashraf Bowad.

Chuna Zulme Tu Bar Sare Man Rawad.

 

Translation :-

  1. When the throne of Simnan flourished due to him, his justice spread in the world
  2. In the period of his justice, whole world turned in to garden and justice bore fruits.
  3. If elephants wants to pass through the head of ant, the ant looks at with stiff eyes.
  4. That it is the period of sultan Ashraf, how can your tyranny be justified on me.

 

Relinquishment of Throne

The will of Allah placed the Kingly crown on his head. It is a historical fact that he continued discharging affairs of state with full responsibility but he was instinctively inclined to mysticism and soluk (way to Allah) He often passed his time in the company of holy person of spirituality and sought knowledge about suluk and Marfat (revelation) He felt disgusted with the affairs of state. The fire of excessive love of Allah which was burning in his heart began to increase excessively resulting hate and disgust. with the affairs of kingdom . When he was 23 years old, he dreamt Hazrat Owais Qarnee (R.A.) who educated him Azkare Owaisia (remembrance of Owaisia) without using tongue. He remained minutely engrossed in the Azkare Owaisia for three years as a result of which the hidden fire of love of Allah turned in to blaze and burnt his self. At this stage, he seldom attended the kingly court thinking it to be of no value and use for him, At last, the desired day came and Hazrat Khidir (Alaihissalam) appeared again before him and said, “ O Ashraf, the purpose for which you have come in this world is before you; desert the worldly throne and leave for Indian where Shaikh Alaul Haque Ganje Nabat is anxiously waiting for your in Pandwa , Bengal.

 

Journey torwards India :-

As suggested by Hazrat Khwaja Khizar (Alaihissalam) , he made up his mind resolutely to relinquish the throne of Simana and travel towards India in search of spiritual guide (Peer) As a result of his firm decision, he willingly entrusted the affairs of state to his younger brother, Sultan Mohammad Aaraf. He acquinted his mother , Khadija Begam, with the suggestion and direction given by Hazrat Khizar, (Alaihissalam) and sought his permission to leave Simnan and travel towards his destined goal, Pandwa sharif, in India. The pious mother blessed him and said, “ Before your birth Khwaja Almad Yeswi predicted ; “A son will be bestowed whose sun of sanctity (Welayat ) will illuminate the darkness of the world at large” Narrating this, She happily permitted him to make journey towards his fixed goal though it was against the nature of a mother to bid his son farewell for ever; but she knew it before hand that real destination of Hazrat Syed Ashraf Simnani (R.A.) was not simnan rather it was Pandawa Sharif in India where he would reach to the peak of spirituality , he left for his destined goal with twelve thousand soilders. They accompanied him up to three stages; But he asked them to return to the country From there he started Journey only with a servant to some distance and he was also asked to return to simnan after accompanying him for some days. From there he marched towards his cherished place leaving behind even the animal on which he was riding. It is also a historical fact that a renowned Sufi; Hazrat Alauddola Simnani, accompanied him up to some stages and returned seeing him off with this couplet :

 

Tarke Dunia gir ta Sultan Shawi

Mahrame Asrar ba jana Shawi

(O Ashraf) “Leave this world, so that you become king and intimate friend of Allah”

 

Meeting with Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari (R.A.)

Passing through Bokhara, he arrived at Och Sharif, Multan, Where he met Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanyan Jahan Ghasht Jalal uddin Bukhari (R.A.) who Welcomed him and endowed with spiritual bounties and blessings (Fuzo Barkat). He bid him farewell and said, “ Congratulation on this journey; Shaikh Alaul Haque Waddin is anxiously waiting for your arrival; don’t be late in the way and read this couplet :-

Equamat Dar Rahe Maqusood Hargiz

Nabayad Kard Ta Barasi Badargah

i.e. – “One should not stay in the way so that one may arrive at the threshold soon.”

 

After staying for some days and nights, he left for Pandawa Sharif and arrived at the shrine of Hazrat Data Ganj bakhsh Lahouri (R.A.) where he also availed spiritual guidance. From there he reached Delhi where he attended at the Shrines of Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhteyar Kaki (R.A.) and Hazrat Nizamuddin Mahboobe Ilahi (R.A.) and obtained spiritual blessing and benediction. When he arrived in India , Feeroz Shah Tughlaque was ruling over India.

 

Hazrat Syed Ashraf Simnani (R.A.) at Pandawa Sharif :-

The spiritual attraction of Hazrat Shaikh Alaul Haque (R.A.) was so great that he did not stay any where for long time rather continued his journey to arrive at his destined goal as early as possible. Passing through large rivers mountains and deserts and facing all sorts of difficulties in the way, he arrived at Bihar Sharif. The day he was arriving at Bihar Sharif, Hazrat Makhdoom Sharfuddin Yahya monairi (R.A.)had left this world. Before his death , he willed that his funeral prayer would be performed by a Syed noble on both sides, (Najibut Tarfain) Hafiz with seven qurats and deserter of throne who would be coming from westward. Hazrat Makhdoom Simrani ( R.A.) had known it beforehand by revelation (Kashf) Accordingly, keeping the funeral ready, his followers were waiting for the arrival of willed personality . Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani arrived at Bihar Sharif hurridly in a bewildered State of mind. In humbleness, he did not want to say funeral prayer; but they requested to say funeral prayer in accordance with the will of departed saint of Islam. He said funeral prayer and stayed in the khanquah (abode of holy men) at night where he had a glimpse of Hazrat Makhdoom Bihari who gave him his patched garment (Khirquah). In the morning, he demanded it from the savants (Khuddam) of Shrine. They denied to oblige him . Atlast it was decided that the patched garment be placed on the holy grave and in whose hands the patched garment would come it self, he would be entitled for that . Accordingly they stretched their hands but failed . In the end, Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.) Stretched hands and at once the patched garments came in his hands. He put it on as a result of which he lost himself in the world of ecstasy and read this couplet:-

 

Mora Bar Sar Chun Bowad Az Lutf Afsar

Bar Aamad Rast Mara Khirquah Dar bar

When the kingly crown was on my head by his kindness this patched garments will suit on my body.

 

He left for Bengal from Bihar Sharif fastly as he was restless due to the attraction of Peero Marshid (Spiritual Guide) Who was also anxiously waiting for him . He arrived at Malda from where he started his journey towards his last and destined destination, pandawa Sharif , when he was nearing Pandawa Sarif , suddenly Hazrat Alaul Haque (R.A.)wokeup and said , “ Syed Ashraf is coming ; let us go to some distance to greet him.” Taking his Doli (a kind of small sadden and Doli of Hazrat Akhi Seraj (R.A.) went out with a large number of his followers to accord warm welcome to him in the way. Every body of that locality was amazed to see him going along with thousands of followers to welcome a personality unknown to them as yet. This shows extraordinary spiritual status of Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani in the eyes of Hazrat Shaikh Alaul Haque Waddin (R.A.) No Sooner did he see his shaikh (spiritual guide) than he placed his head on his feet and tears rolled down his eyes as a result of extreme joy to get cherished goal for which he had left simnan . After a while, he stood up and embraced with his shaikh and sitting on the haunches (Dozanu) read this Couplet :

 

Che Kush Bashad Bad ke az intazare

Ba omide Rasad Omidware.

What a good that after long waiting, reaches the hopeful to his destination.

 

From this outskirts of Pandawa, Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani sitting in the Doli meant for him, leaves for the Khauquah of Shaikh along with his shaikh and large number of disciples. No sooner did he see the Khanquah than he got down from the Doli and bowed down his head on the door with inexpressible joy and respect. Here he was served with meal and Pan (Betel leaf). After the fulfilment of all these rituals, Hazrat Shaikh Alaul Haque waddin made him his disciple in the chistaia and Nizamia order and gave him permission of Salasil (orders). After he got honour of being the disciple of Shaikh and getting everything desired, he was extremely joyful as he got what he had cherished for long. He read this couplet :-

Nehadah Taje Doulat Bar Sare Man

Alaul Haque Waddin Ganje Nabat.

Meaning: Hazrat Alaul Haque waddin placed the kingly crown on my head.

 

Departure from Pandawa Sharif

When four years passed in the company of Shaikh, during which period he was attributed with the honour of all secrets of mysticism and spirituality. One day Hazrat Alaul Haque Waddin (R.A.) said O Ashraf, “ I have completed all Haquaequw a Marif(Realities and Knowledge) on you ; I like to set a palce for you where you have to light the candle of rectitude and reformation. Hearing it, tears filled in his eyes as he did not like seperation from his shaikh., So only idea of seperation was unbearable for him. However he had to leave Pandawa Saharif for his destined place, Kichowcha Sharif on the direction of Shaikh who showed him the place which would be his permanent place of reformation and eternal abode. He left for Kichowcha Sharif passing through different places of Bihar, Zafara bad and Jaunpur. He stayed at jaunpur for a few days where Sultan Ibrahim Shah Sharqui and Quazi Shahabuddin Dowlat Abadi were highly impressed with him to see his sublime spiritual dignity and purity of character. Form there he marched to his fixed place and arrived at Kichowcha sharif.

 

Religious and Literary Services

It is an accepted fact that the mystics of Islam have renderd valuable services to the cause of Islam in every period. The religious and literary services, done by Hazrat Makhdoom simnani (R.A), is the golden chapter of History of Islam in general, and History of mysticism , in particular. He lighted the candle of reformation and spirituality in the darkness of infidelity at Kichowcha sharif and brought astray people on the right path. It is narrated that twelve thousands non believers accepted Islam being impressed with his purity of character and sublimination of spirituality. He was not only a great mystic but also a renowned savant of Islam having inimaginable proficiency in different branches if Islamic theology. Hazrat Nizame Yamani in his book, lataefe Ashrafi, has written that wherever he went he delivered spiritual lectures in the dialect of that area and wrote4 books in the same dialect and left the written books there for their benefits.

 

Books by Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.)

Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A) has written a number of books on different subjects which indicate that he was an unparalleled savant of Theology and other related subjects of his time. Books written by him are as follows: –

 

(1) Kanzul Asrar.

(2) Lataefe Ashrafi (a collection of his spiritual sayings)

(3) Maktubate Ashrafi

(4) Sharhe Sikandar Nama

(5) Sirrul Asrar

(6) Sharhe Awereful Marif

(7) Sharhe Fosusul Hakam

(8) Quawaedul Aquaed

(9) Ashraful Ansab

(10) Bahrul Azkar

(11) Ashraful Fawaed

(12) Ashraful Ansab

(13) Fawaedul Ashraf

(14) Tanbihul Akhwan

(15) Bashara Tuzzakerin

(16) Basharatul Ikhwan

(17) Musta Lehate Tasuwwuf

(18) Manaquibe Khulfae Rashedin

(19) Hujjaluzza kerin

(20) Fatwa Ashrafia

(21) Tafseere Noor Bakhhia

(22) Irshadul Ikhwan

(23) Resala Wahdatulwajud

(24) Resala Dar Tajweze tane Yazid

(25) Bahrul Haquaeque

(26) Nahve Ashrafia

(27) Kanzuddaquaeque

(28) Basharatul Mureedin

(29) Diwan –e– Ashraf.

 

Journeying

Hazrat Sultan Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.)did not know the geography of the world by going through books rather he knew it by travelling everywhere in the world. He journeyed to the most of countries of the Arab O Azam and brought thousands of astray persons on right path by his preaching and presenting Islamic theology vividly. He had full command on Arabic, Persian and Turkish languages as a result of which he used to deliver the most productive lectures making the audience lost in the world of spirituality and oneness of Allah.

 

 

Mahboobe Yazdani

Hazrat Sulatan Syed Ashraf (R.A) attained the status of Mehboobiyat (Belovedhood) i. e Mahboobe Yazdani on 27th Ramdan 782 (A.H.) while he was amongst his disciples at Roohhabad. Suddenley it began to sound from every corner “Ashraf is my Mahboob” This heavenly sound was glad tidings of the status of Mahboobyat (belovedhood) since then, he began to be called “Mahboobe Yazdani” It was the sublime spirituality of Hazrat Sultan Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani that he performed morning prayer in Masjide Haram daily. The day he was bestowed with this spiritual honour Hazrat Najmuddin Asfahani (R.A.) was in Kaba Sharif. Seeing Sultan Simnani (R.A.) coming to say morning prayer in Kaba he said “Come, Come Mahboobe Yazadani; may this title from Allah be fortunate for you.

 

Ghousul Alam and Jahangir

It is a historical fact that Hazrat Sultan Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) was endowed with the dignity of Ghous in the Khanquah of Hazrat Banda Nawaz Gesu Daraz (R.A) on first Rajab 770 (A.H). Hence forward He is called as Ghousul Alam. The title of Jahangir tagged with his name is also very famous. One day he was in the Khauquah of his Shaikh (R.A) amongst the disciples. All of a sudden, echo of Jahangir Began to resound from the doors and walls of the Khanquah. Hearing it, Hazrat Shaikh Alaul Haque (R.A) engrossed in meditation (Moraquba) and after a little while, raised his head and honoured him with the title of Jahangir as it was a heavenly title confirmed on him.

 

Instructions of Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.)

  • Knowledge is the shining sun and skills are its rays.
  • After Iman (Belief) and Touhid, (Unitarianism) it is obligatory on man (Banda) to know injections of Shariat (Revealed Law) and Aquaede Haququah (True doctrines)
  • Gain knowledge as illeterate devotee is the follower of Devil.
  • The difference between Islamic Savant and worldly savant is just like the difference between pure and impure silver.
  • Astrayed learned is like the sunken boat which sinks itself and makes others drown.
  • Learned without action is like a glass without tin (Qualai).
  • Don’t be empty handed of actions and conditions; make sure that only Knowledge can not help you.
  • Remembrance of virtuous persons and memoir of mystics is a light that cast shadow on the seeker of guidance.
  • Recollect any word of a holy man; and if it is not possible keep in mind his name; You will be benefited.
  • To know is shariat (Revealed Law) and make practice in accordance with knowledge is Tariquat (Path) and to achieve objectives of both is Haquiquat (Reality).
  • He, who does not follow Shariat (Revealed Law) in tariquat, (path) is deprived of benefits of Tariquat (Path).
  • The man who will be staunch follower of shariat, (revealed law) the way to Tariquat will open automatically; and when he would have obtained Tariquat (path) with shariat (revealed law) the splendour of Haqiquat (reality) will itself be illuminated.
  • In suluk (Holy way) if one commits slightest deviation from the way of obedience to The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) then it will be impossible to reach desired destination.
  • To create love and affection of Allah in the hearts of Slave (Banda) and get their hearts engrossed in the intimacy of Allah is the work of Mashaekhe Tariquat (Holy persons of path).
  • Shaikh (Elder) is just like a competent and experienced physian who diagnoses medicine suitable to the disease and temperament of the patient.
  • Food is like a seed which takes root in the land of salik’s stomach and grows tree of actions (Aamal) if the food is lawful the tree of good action grows; and if it is unlawful, the tree of disobedience and sin grows; if it is doubtful the tree of vicious ideas and negligence in prayer grows.
  • After performing Faraezo wajebat (Divine command and obligatory) it is essential for seeker of spirituality to pass his valuable life in the company of holy persons as only one meeting with such persons is so much useful that can’t be gained by a number of chillah (sitting in meditation for fourty day) and vigorous Mojaheda (Great struggle).
  • A slave (Banda) should pray and merciful (Karim) is worthy of kindness; one should be so engrossed in his prayer that he should forget one’s existence.
  • It is the condition that one should be guarded from sin as is the conditions for The Prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) to be guiltless (masum).
  • One of the conditions of wali (Friend of Allah) is that he should be follower of The Prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) in his word, action and belief.
  • The condition for wali (Friend of Allah) is that he should be learned not ignorant.
  • Aulia (Friend of Allah) are companion and minister of the Devine court and act according to wishes of Allah.

 

Contemporary Mystics and Savants

  • Shaikh Ruknuddin Alauddoula Simnani,
  • Mir Syed Ali Hamdani,
  • Makhdoom Syed Jalal Uddin Bukhari,
  • Khwaja Hafiz Sherazi,
  • Shaikh Najmudin Asfahani,
  • Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshbandi,
  • Syed Shah Badiuddin Madar,
  • Quazi Shahabuddin Doulat Abadi and
  • Gesu Daraz Banda Nawaz

Khulfa (Caliphs) :-

Hazrat Syed Abdur Razzque Noorul Ain, Shaikh Kabirul Abbasi, Shaikh Darreyatim Sarwarpuri, Shaikh Shamsuddin Faryad Ras Awadhy, Shaikh Osman , Shaikh Suleman Mohaddis , Shaikh Maroof, Shaikh Ahmad Quttal, Shaikh Ruknuddin Shahbaz, Shaikh Quayamuddin , Shaikh Asiluddin, Shaikh Jamiluddin Supid baz, Maulana Qauazi Hazzal, Shaikh Arif makrani, Shaikh Abul Makarim Khujandi, Shaikh Abul Makarim Harwi, Shaikh safiuddin rudoulwi, Shaikh Samauddin Rudoulwi, Mulla Karim , Shaikh Khairuddin Sudhowri, Quaze Md Sudhowri, Quazi Abu Md, Maulana Abul Mozaaffar Lukhnawi, Alamuddin Jaisi, Shaikh kamal Jaisi, Syed Abdul Wahab, Syed Reza, Jamshed Beg Qualandor Turk, Quazi Shahabuddin Doulat Abadi, Maulana Haji Fakhruddin Jaunpuri, Maulana Shaikh Daud, Maulana Ruknuddin, Shaikh Adam Osman, Shaikh tajuddin, Shaikh Nooruddin, Shaikhul Islam Ahmadabad Gujrat, Shaikh Mobarak Gujrat, Shaikh Hossain Dawezwi, Shaikh Safiuddin, Masnad Ali Saif khan, Shaikh Ahmad kanlouri, Maulana Abdullah Dayar Banarsi,Maulana Nooruddin Zafarabadi, Malik Mahmood, Baba Hossain kitabdar, Syed hasan Alam Barada. Shaikh Jamaludddin Rawat, Hesamuddin Zanzani Punwi, Maulana Khaggi Mohamed, Shaikh Abubarkar, Shaikh Safiuddin Arweli, Syed Ali Lahori, Shaikh Ludhan, Shaikh nizamuddin Brelwis, Shaikh Ali Dosti Simnnani, Shaikh Omnar, Shaikh Abu Said Khigri, Khwaja Abdur rahman, Khwaja Saduddin Khalid, Quazi Shudha Awadhi, Shaikh Zahid Noor, Shaikh Peer Ali Arlat Tarki, Shaikh Nizamuddin Labir, Shaikh Ali Simnani, Shaikh Ghouhar Ali, Shaikh Taquiuddin, Maulana SharafullahImam, Shaikh Nizamuddin, Shaikh Yahya Kaldadar, Shaikh Meer Moallah, Quazi Beg, Shaikh Qutbuddin Yahya, Khwaja Nizamuddin Aulla, Shaikh Mohiuddin, Amir Nangar Quli.

 

Impression of Savants and Holy man

(1) Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Haque Mohoddis Dehlawi :-

In his book Akhbarul Akhyar, has mentioned him as a great Sufi (saint) of his time. About his Shrin at Kichowcha Sharif , he has written that it is very effecious to repel Aseb and Zin and for this, it is famous every where. With reference to lataefe Ashrafi, compiled by Hazrat Nizam Yamani (R.A.), he has acknowledged his greatness as a savant of Islam by presenting his theological and philosophical ideas particularly his notion about the belief of Faroah (Firun).

(2) Shaikh Abdur Rahman Jami (R.A.) :-

Hazrat Shaikh Abdur Rahman Jami in his world fame book, Nafhatulins, has derived his theological and philosophical saying showing utmost regard to this supreme saint of Islam. The opinion of Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani and Shaikh Abdur Rahman Jami is same about Hafiz Shirazi . In his book, Nafhatulins, he has written that one of the holy saints of chishtia order deems no Diwan (colletion of poems) better than the Diwane Hafiz Shirazi. From “ one of the saint of chishtia order “ he means Hazrat Sultan Syed Ashraf jahangir Simnani(R.A.)

 

3) Shaikh Abdur Rahman Chishti :-

Hazrat Shaikh Abdur Rahman Chisti writes “ He (Syed Ashraf) had khelafat () from fourteen order because he has availed the company of all holy saints (Sufis) of his time. After Hazrat Nizamuddin Mehboobe Ilahi, (R.A.) he revived spiritual instructions and reformation ; In the declaration of realities he was the interpreter of words of Allah, Hadith of the prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) and sayings of Hazrat Moula Ali Murtaza (R.A.)

 

His Mission in India

It is a historical fact that Hazrat Sultan Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) made kichowcha Sharif centre of his rectitude (Rushd) and guidance at the intimation of his Shaikh Hazrat Alualhaque Waddin Pandwi. He came here and got constructed. Khauquahe Ashrafia taking part himself in the construction work with his disciples. He also got constructed two mosques: one for gents and second for ladies and a tomb on his private room. At that time, kichowcha sharif was inhabitated by Sadhus (Sairts) and Jogies (Hermits). Consequently, the darkness of infidelity had taken this area in its grip. Hence one can easily assess the difficulties faced by him in settling there and lighting the candle of Islam. But his spiritual eminence and purity of character, which has been the special characteristic of Sufi (Holy Saint), made the non – believers captivated , and in short period , millions of infidels accepted Islam and came in the Silsilae Ashrafia (Order of Ashrafia). In short, his services to the cause of Islam and mysticism are undoubtedly of great value and a landmark in the history of Islam.

 

Miracles (Karamat)

Hazrat Sultan Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (R.A.) was on such a supreme status of mysticism and spirituality that uncountable miracles (Karamat) at different times and at different places are scattered in the pages of History. It is an undeniable fact that every moment of his life was miracle oriented, impressive and effectual, some miracles (Karmat)are stated here:-

 

(A) Once he was travelling in the juridiction of Amir Taimur who was captivated to see him and showed utmost regard to him. Climbing on a hill with Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani; (R.A.) he said , “As far as your eyes see; I will make gift all the areas coming in your sight.” Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani said,” You are not the owner of the area coming in my sight, “ Then he kept his hand on his head and asked as to what he was seeing. He replied that he was seeing Mecea and Media . Then he again enquired if that area belonged to him . Amir Taimur replied in negative and got ashamed . His firm belief (Aquidat) and supplication (Neyazamandi) increased a good deal to see such a great mystic in whose sight is whole world.

(B) Once a woman, taking his half dead son, came to his Khanquah (an abode for holy man) and entreated with tearful eyes to pray for his life. In the meantime, the boy took his last breath and died before him. She began to weep bitterly and said with folded hands. You are Allahs friend (Waliulah); Bring my son to life.” He said , “ life and death is in the hand of Allah; what a slave (Banda) can do.” Hearing it , the ill-fated woman started weeping with such mournful voice that his heart filled with pity and an astonishing condition prevailed on his face. Solacing the grieved woman , Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani said in full eminence (Jalal), “I give ten years from my life and after ten years this boy will die.” He prayed to Allah for his life and ordered the dead boy to stand up in the name of Allah . The dead boy stood up and got life for ten years. Truely he died after ten years.

 

When Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.) came to kichowcha Sharif from Jaunpur , the first man who met him was Malik Mohmood. He visited the round tank with Malik Mahmood and told that was the very place intimated by Shaikh Alaul haque Waddin (R.A.) Malik Mahmood told him that there lived a veteran Jogi (Hermit) with his five hundred disciples who would not tolerate his presence there. Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani asked one of his followers to go and ask the hermit (Jogi) to vacant the place and go elsewhere. The hermit told in reply that it was very difficult to turn him out from there except with the power of miracle.Hearing it, Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.)asked Jamal uddin Rawat who had come in the chain of his disciples very day to go and present before the Jogi (Hermit) what he desired . Jamaluddin hesitated a bit but Hazrat Makhdoom (R.A.) called him and put the betel leaf he was chewing in to his mouth as a result of which his condition changed. He went with endowed courage and bounty to face the great Juggler (Shobadah Baz) hermit. The hermit used all his powers of conjurity but failed . At last , he threw his hand stick in the air and Jamaluddin Rawat too sent the stick of his Shaikh in the air. It brought down the stick of the hermit beating harshly . At last the hermit Surrendered and asked to take him before Hazrat Sultan Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.) He went there along with his five hundred followers and bowed down his head on his feet and embraced Islam will all his followers.

 

  1. On his return from Pandawa Sharif one morning he was sitting with his disciples after prayer of Ashraque (Prayer after Sunrise) Some jestlers came there to ridicule him. They brought an alive man wrapped in coffin in the shape of a dead body and requested him to say funeral prayer . When these jestlers pressed him much, he asked one of his disciples to say funeral prayer according to their wishes.The disciple said funeral prayer. They were waiting for his standing up but he was actually dead. This astonishing miracle spread just like wild fire in the town and created uproar. Hazrat Nizam Yamani has written a couplet on this incident.

 

Kase Ku Az Buzurgan Khanda Giraft

Bajuz Girya Azo Digar Che Ayad.

Meaning: He who ridiculed with elders, would get nothing except weeping.

 

Once Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani, (R.A) with his disciples was passing through Banaras. One of the disciple was fascinated to see an idol in the temple and kept on seeing it. The carvan of Makhdoom Simnani had marched to some distance; it came to know that a disciple lagged behind and is in the temple. Hazrat Makhdoom simnani (R.A.) asked one of his followers to go and tell the idol to come with him. He went there and told as he was ordered. The idol moved and changed in to a beautiful girl and came before him and embraced Islam. Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A) got his lover disciple married with the idol.

 

Truly Hazrat Maulana Room has said :

Aulia Ra Hast Qudrat Azilah

Teere Jasta Baz Gardanadz Rah.

The above stated miracles indicate his mystical and spiritual status and also extraordinary and most valuable services to the cause of Islam. It can be said without fear of contradiction that so long the world exists, The flag of his greatness and supremacy will continue unfurling and candle of spirituality lighted by him will go on showing light to humanity.

Every followers of Ashrafia order should endeavor to follow the doctrines laid down by him so that one may avail the benefits of both world.

Wafaat (Death)

Hazrat Makhdoom Simnani (R.A.) left this world on 28th Muharram 808 (AH) Before his death, he had got prepared his grave. He went on 26th Muharram to visit his grave where he saw pen and paper kept in the side of grave. He sat in the grave and wrote two booklets namely Basharatul Muradin and Resalai Qubria some extracts from Resalai Quabria is presented.

In this short time (how long I stayed in the grave) seventy thousand splendor (Tajalli) of elegence (jamal) of Allah descended on this Faquir ; and intimate friends (Moquarraban) of Allah (Angiles) showed so much exalting (Izaz) and kindness that can’t be expressed in words; the announcer from the Sublime court of Allah (Bargehe Ilahi) announced in the world of angiles (Alame Malakut) That “ Ashraf is my beloved (Mahboob) I (Allah) write kindness and forgiveness on the forehead of his disciples; and cares his disciples with absolution (Magferat) and forgiveness (Mafi)”. All prais to Allah this glad lidings for our campanions. After that it was the order of Allah, eight thousands angles Thirty thousand of Haramain sharifain , one thousand from bailtul Moquaddes , one thousand s Abdal of Maghrib (west) one thousand Rejalud Ghaib of Sarndip and one thousand maradane Ghaib from yaman will perform your bath your funeral prayer will be said infront of baillutulah Sharif and you will be buried in the earth for the benefit of slaves (Banda); he who comes on your grave will get his end and absolution (Maghferat).